Federico Zandomeneghi (1841-1917)


Federico Zandomeneghi was an Italian Impressionist artist, born in Venice in 1841; his father and grandfather were both sculptors and encouraged him in the arts, however he was to choose painting and drawing as his medium. He studied the arts in his birthplace before going to university in Pavia, the next year following Garibaldi in his Expedition of the Thousand. However, following his conviction for desertion, he moved to Florence, living there from 1862-1866, where his artistic career and talents began to progress. He began painting outside, at the time a new and innovative approach popular with the circle of artists he moved amongst.

In 1874 he settled in Paris after a brief return to Venice, exhibiting with the Impressionists on several occasions. He is known particularly for his brilliant draughtsmanship, his pastel drawing being executed to exceptional standards. He and Edgar Degas became close and lifelong friends, the latter persuading Zandomeneghi to exhibit at the fourth Impressionist exhibition in 1879 (he was to show with them again in 1880, 1881 and 1886).

The art dealer Paul Durand-Ruel was to represent him in Paris, and through sales in America the artist had commercial success. In 1914, three years before his death in Paris, he was given his first one-man show at the Venice Biennale.